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Kapalbhati is an important Pranayama Kriya in Yoga, primarily known as a purification process. It purifies the skull through this Pranayama and is considered a beneficial practice, strengthening our respiratory system.

This article will describe how to perform Kapalbhati Pranayama, its health benefits, and the necessary precautions.

Table of content :-

  • Definition of Kapalbhati.
  • Method of Kapalbhati.
  • Precautions of Kapalbhati.
  • Health Benefits of Kapalbhati.
  • Do Anulom Vilom after Kapalbhati.

Kapal Bhati: Its method, benefits and precautions.

Kapalbhati is a beneficial Pranayama Kriya in Yoga that strengthens our respiratory system. It sharpens the brain and purifies the cranium.

Some instructors view it as a purification process, while others label it as a Pranayama. However, according to most Yogis, Kapalbhati encompasses both purification and Pranayama.

Definition of "Kapalbhati"

"Kapalbhati" is composed of two words :- "Kapal," meaning skull or brain, and "Bhati," meaning to sharpen. This Pranayama affects the cranium and the brain, which is why it is called Kapalbhati.

Method of Kapalbhati.

• Place a mat or cloth-seat on a flat surface. Sit in Padmasana or Sukhasana.

• Hold the knees with both hands and keep your eyes softly closed, maintaining a straight spine and neck.

• Take a long, deep breath, and exhale forcefully while pulling the stomach inwards. Focus on exhaling, keeping inhalation normal.

• Perform the exercise according to your capacity. At the end of the Pranayama, exhale completely and stay in the exhaling position (Bahaya Kumbhaka).

• After staying in "Bahaya Kumbaka" according to your capacity, take a long, deep breath, and stay for a while after inhaling completely (Antrik Kumbhaka).

• Come back to normal breathing after staying in the "Kumbhaka" position, completing one round. Repeat additional rounds according to your capacity. After completing the Pranayama, return to normal breathing.


This Pranayama should be performed with some precautions:

• Asthma patients and heart patients should avoid this Pranayama.

• Avoid this pranayama after stomach surgery.

• Patients with hernia and intestinal issues should not practice this Pranayama.

• Individuals with high blood pressure should perform it at a slow speed.

• Practice this Pranayama according to your breathing capacity and do it gently.

Health Benefits of Kapalbhati.

• Purifies the cranial part and makes the top part pure.

• Strengthens the brain.

• Enhances the respiratory system.

• Activates the lungs.

• Increases oxygen supply to the body, raising oxygen levels.

• Energizes the Prana-Energy.

• Boosts the body's immunity.

(For more details see Hindi version of the article :- What is Kapalbhati?)

Perform Anulom Vilom after Kapalbhati.

After performing Kapalbhati, normalize your breathing. Once your breathing is normal, proceed to practice Anulom Vilom Pranayama, which enhances the benefits of Kapalbhati.
This is a simple Pranayama. Those unable to do Kapalbhati should focus on Anulom Vilom.

Method of Anulom Vilom :-

• Sit in Padmasana or Sukhasana, maintaining a straight spine and neck.

• Place the left hand on the left knee in 'Gyan Mudra.'

• Hold the right hand in 'Pranayam Mudra' near the nose.

• Gently close your eyes.

• Close the right nostril with the right thumb.

• Inhale deeply through the left nostril.

• After a complete inhalation, close the left nostril.

• Exhale through the right nostril.

• Once the breath is completely emptied, inhale from the right side.

• After a complete inhalation, close the right nostril.

• Exhale from the left side.

• This completes one cycle. Repeat the process for another round.

• After completing the Pranayama, place the hands in the "Gyan Mudra" and maintain normal breathing.

This is an easy Pranayama suitable for everyone. If unable to sit in Padmasana, this Pranayama can be done while sitting on a chair.

Article Summary :- Kapalbhati is a beneficial Pranayama that purifies the cranial part and strengthens the respiratory system. Following Kapalbhati, it is recommended to practice Anulom Vilom.

Disclaimer :- Perform Kapalbhati Pranayama according to your capacity, avoiding forceful breathing. Adhere to the rules and precautions outlined in this article. This Pranayama is intended for healthy individuals.

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